Eclipse Corner Article

WTP Tutorials - JavaServer Faces Tools(Milestone1) Tutorial

In this tutorial we will create and execute a web application with JavaServer Faces capabilities.

By Gerry Kessler, Oracle Corporation.
December 19, 2005


In this tutorial we will create and execute a web application with JavaServer Faces capabilities.

You may wish to visit Building and Running a Web Application before attempting this tutorial. That tutorial covers setup of the server instance that this tutorial does not.


Creating a JavaServer Faces Project

1) Create a New Dynamic Web Application with the name of FirstJSFApp. Set the target runtime to the Apache Tomcat 5.5

New Dynamic Web Application

2) On the next wizard page, add the JavaServer Faces facet. Use the preset combo box to choose a version 1.1 project.

Add the JavaServer Faces facet

3) On the JSF Capabilities page we will need to specify and create a JSF Implementation library. This feature allows for a named sets of jars to be created for use with JSF Applications. We will be creating a library containing the Sun JSF RI and Apache JSTL jars so that our application can execute against Apache Tomcat. Click on the Add… button.

JSF Capabilities page

4) Create the JSF Implementation library with the name and the jars shown below. Click on the Finish button.

JSF Implementation library

5) This library will now be selected as the implementation to use with this application.
Click on the Finish button to create the JavaServer Faces Application. You may be prompted to accept the license for the Web App DTD from Sun. You may also be asked to choose the J2EE perspective upon completion. In both cases accept.

JSF Capabilites page with JSF implementation

6) Your JSF application has been created. Note that the web.xml file has been updated with the Faces Servlet and servlet-mapping, a stub JSF application configuration file (faces-config.xml) has been created, and the implementation jars have been copied to the Web App Libraries classpath container.

If you have an existing Dynamic Web Application, it is possible to add JSF capabilities by going to:
Project Properties > Project Facets > Add\Remove Project Facets…

Create a JSF JSP Page

1) Use the JSP Page wizard to create a page called login.jsp in the Web Content folder of the new application. Click Finish.

New JSP Page

2) Delete the generated contents of the JSP page and replace with the code below which makes use of some standard JSF components:

<%@ taglib uri="" prefix="f"%>
<%@ taglib uri="" prefix="h"%>

		<h3>Please enter your name and password.</h3>
				<td><h:inputText value="#{}" /></td>
				<td><h:inputSecret value="#{user.password}" /></td>
		<p><h:commandButton value="Login" action="login" /></p>

The JSP editor page should now look something like this:

Sample JSP page

Testing the JSF JSP Page

1) We will now execute the page against the Apache Tomcat server. Choose Run on Server using the context menu while selecting the login.jsp page in the navigator.

2) Choose your Apache Tomcat server and set it up as required if you had not already done so.

3) Click Finish. You should see from the Console view that the Tomcat server starts and then you should see the executing login page appear in the Web Browser like below.

Congratulations! You have created and executed your first JavaServer Faces application using the new Eclipse WTP JSF tooling.